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PREPARATION OF ARTICLE


Manuscripts must be in accordance with the International Committee of Medical Journal Editors: Uniform Requirements for Manuscripts Submitted to Biomedical Journals (http://www.icmje.org/).

Original articles should not exceed 15 double spaced typewritten pages, and case reports should not exceed 10 pages. Articles should be typewritten in either "doc" or "txt" format and organized as follows:

Title page: The title page should contain the article title, authors' names and complete affiliations, a running title not exceeding 40 characters and the address for manuscript correspondence including e-mail address and telephone and fax numbers. If the article was presented at a scientific meeting, authors should provide a complete statement including date and place of the meeting.

Abstract and key words: Original articles should contain Turkish and English abstracts. For foreign authors, Turkish abstract and key words will be written by the editorial board. Abstracts must be no longer than 250 words. The structured abstract should include objective, materials and methods, results and conclusions in original articles. Case reports should also include a structured abstract [objective, case report(s), and conclusion]. Abbreviations should not be used in the abstract.

The authors should list three to five key words or phrases taken from Index Medicus Medical Subject Headings (http://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/MBrowser.html).

Text: Original articles should be organized in four main headings: introduction, materials and methods, results, and discussion. Define abbreviations at first mention in the text and in each table and figure. If a brand name is cited, supply the manufacturer's name and address (city and state/country). Case reports should include the following identifiable sections: introduction, case report(s), and discussion. An "acknowledgement(s)" section may be added following these sections to thank those who helped the study or preparation of the article, if any. The acknowledgements are placed at the end of the article, before the references. This section contains statements of gratitude for personal, technical or material help, etc.

Tables: Each table must be typed double-spaced on a separate page following the references. Tables should be numbered consecutively with Roman numerals in order of appearance in the text and should include a short descriptive title typed directly above and essential footnotes including definitions of abbreviations below. They should be self-explanatory and should supplement rather than duplicate the material in the text.

Figures: All figures should be numbered sequentially in the text with Arabic numbers and should be referred to in parentheses within the text. Art should be created/scanned and saved as either TIFF or JPEG format, submitted as a seperate file, and not embedded in the text file. Electronic photographs, radiographs, CT scans, and scanned images must have a resolution of at least 300 dpi and 1200x960 pixels. If not obligatory any text typewritten on the figures should be avoided.

Figure legends: Include legends for all figures. Legends should appear on a separate page after the tables, should be brief and specific, and should include magnification and the stain used. Abbreviations and symbols used in the figures must be denoted in the legend

References
References should be written in compliance with Vancouver style
See: https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/books/NBK7256/ Authors are responsible for the accuracy of the references. While writing references, the below-indicated rules should be attentively observed.

References should be provided at the end of the article, under the title "References" and should be numbered and listed according to their order in the text. They should be referred to in parentheses within the text. Complete author citation is required ("et al" is not acceptable). The author(s) are responsible for the accuracy of the references. Journal titles should be abbreviated according to Index Medicus. Refer to the "List of Journals Indexed in Index Medicus" for abbreviations of journal names, or access the list at http://www.nlm.nih.gov/tsd/serials/lji.html. Abbreviations are not used for journals not in the Index Medicus. Only published articles or articles "in press" can be used in references.

Authors must add the DOI and/or PMID numbers to the end of each citation. Example of references are given below:

Journal:
Hull ML, Escareno CR, Godsland JM, Doig JR, Johnson CM, Phillips SC, Smith SK, Tavar├ę S, Print CG, Charnock- Jones DS: Endometrial-peritoneal interactions during endometriotic lesion establishment. Am J Pathol 2008;173:700-715. PMID: 18688027, DOI:10.2353/ajpath.2008.071128.

Ferrari A, Casanova M, Bisogno G, Cecchetto G, Meazza C, Gandola L, et al. Malignant vascular tumors in children and adolescents: a report from the Italian and German Soft Tissue Sarcoma Cooperative Group. Med Pediatr Oncol 2002;39:109-114.

Abstract:
Heidenreich A, Olbert P, Becker T, Hofmann R. Microsurgical testicular denervation in patients with chronic testicular pain. Eur Urol 2001;39 (suppl 5):126 (abstr.)

Book:
Sadler TW. Langman's Medical Embryology, 5th ed., William and Wilkins, Baltimore, 1985. p.224-226.

Book Chapter:
Folkman J: Tumor angiogenesis. In Bast Jr RC, Kufe DW, Polock RE,Weichselbaum RR, Holland JF, Frei E (eds). Cancer Medicine. 5th ed. London, B.C. Decker Inc.; 2000. p.132-152.

On-line articles:
Abood S. Quality improvement initiative in nursing homes: the ANA acts in advisory role. Am J Nurs (serial on the Internet). 2002 Jun (cited 2002 Aug 12); 102 (6): (about 3 p.). Available from: http://www.nap.edu/books/0309074029/html/.

References cited in the text
References cited in the text should be numbered in order of their use in the text, and the list of references should be presented accordingly. The number of the reference should be indicated in paranthesis and as a superscript. If more than one reference is used, then a comma (,) should be placed between references.

Sample cited statements in the text:
Care provided by nurses is especially important in the diagnosis, and prevention of malnutrition, in the decreasing hospitalization period, and hospital costs.(9)  Therefore the nurses are expected to have adequate information, equipment, and skill in the field of nutrition.(3,10,11)
Duerksen et al.(14) evaluated the knowledge level, and approaches of Canadian nurses concerning nutritional problems of inpatients . In their study, they indicated that nurses failed to evaluate nutritional state of the patients adequately, and effectively which was attributed to inadequate number of auxillary personnel, time restraints, and missing documents .

Indicating references at the end of the text
At the end of the text, references should be written double-spaced on a separate paper. Titles of the journals should be abbreviated in accordance with the citation index  which includes the journal that  published the article (ie: Index Medicus, Medline, Pubmed, Web of Science, TR Dizin, etc.), and if available, DOI numbers should be absolutely added. For abbreviations of the titles of the journals, please see the list of the journals published by NLM in website (http://bit.ly/2lJkey3). If title of the journal is not contained in these lists, it should be written in full. If Vancouver format is employed in the website you used  for references , then copy-pasting of the reference in your reference list is recommended. References indicated  in the text should be written in compliance with the below-mentioned sample statements:

Journal:
If the number of authors are less than or equal to 6, then all authors are indicated..
Campbell MR, Fisher J, Anderson L, Kreppel E. Implementation of early exercise and progressive mobility: Steps to success. Crit Care Nurse. 2015;35(1):82-8. doi: 10.4037/ccn2015701.

If the number of authors are more than 6, then the first three authors are indicated. 
Aiken LH, Sermeus W, Van den Heede K, Sloane MD, Busse R, McKee M, et al. Patient safety, satisfaction, and quality of hospital care: Cross sectional surveys of nurses and patients in 12 countries in Europe and the United States. BMJ. 2012;344:e1717. doi: 10.1136/bmj.e1717.

If the article has not any DOI number then internet access address (website) is noted.
Pokorny ME, Koldjeski D, Swanson M. Skin care intervention for patients having cardiac surgery. Am J Crit Care. 2003;12(3):535-44.
Available from:
http://ajcc.aacnjournals.org/content/12/6/535.full.pdf+html?sid=f587c6d5-92a3-4971-8367-f18cd1cd63f0

Supplement:
Ahrens T. Severe sepsis management: Are we doing enough? Crit Care Nurse. 2003;23(Suppl 5):2-15. Available from: http://ccn.aacnjournals.org/content/23/5/S2.full.pdf+html

Book:
Jarvis C. Physical Examination and Health Assessment. 3rd ed. Philadelphia: W.B. Saunders Company; 2000.

If any information about the editor is available:
Breedlove GK, Schorfheide AM. Adolescent pregnancy. 2nd ed. Wieczorek RR, editor. White Plains (NY): March of Dimes Education Services; 2001.

A chapter in the book:
Finke LM. Teaching in nursing: the faculty role. In: Billing DM, Halstead JA, editors. Teaching in Nursing: A Guide for Faculty. 3rd ed. USA: Saunders & Elsevier; 2009. p. 3-17.

Translated book :
Ferry DR. ECG in Ten Days [On G├╝nde Temel Elektrokardiyografi]. Kahraman M, translator. ─░stanbul: Ekbil A.┼×.; 2001.

A chapter in a translated book:
Tolay E. Planlaman─▒n temelleri. In: Robbins SP, Decenzo DA, Coulter M. editors. Y├Ânetimin Esaslar─▒: Temel Kavramlar ve Uygulamalar. ├ľ─č├╝t A, translator. Ankara: Nobel Akademik Yay─▒nc─▒l─▒k; 2013. p. 104-29.

Electronic book:
Akdag R. The Progress So Far Health Transformation Program in Turkey. Ankara, Turkey: Ministry of Health; 2009. Available from:
http://ekutuphane.tusak.gov.tr/kitap.php?id=174&k=progress_report_health_transformation_program_in_turkey_january_2009
Aminoff MJ, Greenberg DA, Simon RP. Clinical Neurology. 9th ed. New York: McGraw Hill Medical; 2015. Available from: http://accessmedicine.mhmedical.com/book.aspx?bookID=1194

Electronic report/document:
World Health Organization. World Alliance for Patient Safety Forward Programme 2008-2009. 1st ed. France; 2008. Available from:
http://apps.who.int/iris/bitstream/10665/70460/1/WHO_IER_PSP_2008.04_eng.pdf
─░zmir Halk Sa─čl─▒─č─▒ M├╝d├╝rl├╝─č├╝. Sa─čl─▒k Bakanl─▒─č─▒ Yo─čun Bak─▒m ├ťnitelerinin Standartlar─▒. ─░zmir; 2007. Available from: http://www.ihsm.gov.tr/indir/mevzuat/genelgeler/G_13082007_1.pdf

Dissertations/Theses:
Bayram TY. ├ťniversitelerde ├Ârg├╝tsel sessizlik [master’s thesis]. Bolu: Abant ─░zzet Baysal ├ťniversitesi, Sosyal Bilimler Enstit├╝s├╝; 2010.
Borkowski MM. Infant sleep and feeding: a telephone survey of Hispanic Americans [dissertation]. Mount Pleasant (MI): Central Michigan University; 2002.

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